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Faculty Detail    
Name NAMASIVAYAM AMBALAVANAN
 
Campus Address 176F 9380
Phone 205-996-5419
E-mail ambal@uab.edu
Other websites
     


Faculty Appointment(s)
Appointment Type Department Division Rank
Primary  Pediatrics   Ped - Neonatology Professor
Secondary  Cell, Developmntl, & Integrative Biology  Cell, Developmntl, & Integrative Biology Professor
Center  Comprehensive Cancer Center  Comprehensive Cancer Center Professor
Center  General Clinical Research Center  Ctr for Clinical & Translational Sci Professor
Center  Medicine  Ctr Cardiovasc Bio Professor

Graduate Biomedical Sciences Affiliations
Medical Scientist Training Program 

Society Memberships
Organization Name Position Held Org Link
     
American Academy of Pediatrics    http://www.aap.org/ 
American Thoracic Society    http://www.thoracic.org/ 
Society for Pediatric Research    www.aps-spr.org 
Southern Society for Pediatric Research  President (2005-6)  http://www.aps-spr.org/Regional_Societies/SSPR/2008/default.htm 

Research/Clinical Interest
Title
Description
Clinical research: Neonatal nutrition (specifically vitamin A), feeding practices, and probiotics Basic research: Neonatal lung development, and mechanisms underlying neonatal pulmonary vascular remodeling and neonatal pulmonary hypertension

Selected Publications 
Publication PUBMEDID
MANUSCRIPTS:
Peer-reviewed publications:
(In chronological order with earliest first):
1. Trehan A, Singh S, Ambalavanan N, Kumar L. Valvular Heart Disease: Rheumatic or Rheumatoid?. Indian Pediatr 34: 641- 644, 1997
2. Rayyis SF, Ambalavanan N, Wright L, Carlo WA. Randomized trial of "Slow" vs. "Fast" feed advancements on the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. J Pediatr 134:293-297, 1999
3. Ambalavanan N, Bulger A, Philips JB III. Hypoxia-induced release of peptide growth factors from neonatal porcine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Biol Neonate 76:311-319, 1999
4. Ambalavanan N, Mariani G, Bulger A, Philips JB III. Role of nitric oxide in regulating neonatal porcine pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation. Biol Neonate 76:291-300, 1999
5. Ambalavanan N, Nelson K, Alexander G, Johnson SE, Biasini F, Carlo WA. Prediction of neurologic morbidity in extremely low birth weight infants. J Perinatol 20: 496-503, 2000
6. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WF, Bulger A, Shi J, Philips JB III. Effect of cigarette smoke extract on neonatal porcine vascular smooth muscle cells. Tox Appl Pharmacol 170: 130-136, 2001
7. Ambalavanan N, Bulger A, Ware J, Philips JB III. Hemodynamic effects of levcromakalim in neonatal porcine pulmonary hypertension. Biol Neonate 80: 74-80, 2001
8. Carlo WF, Villamor E, Ambalavanan N, DeMey JG, Blanco CE. Chronic exposure to cigarette smoke extract impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation of chicken embryo pulmonary arteries. Biol Neonate 80:247-250, 2001
9. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA. Comparison of the prediction of extremely low birth weight neonatal mortality by regression analysis and by neural networks. Early Hum Dev 65:123-137, 2001
10. Ambalavanan N, Bulger A, Ware J, St. John E, Philips JB III. Feasibility of nitric oxide administration by oxygen hood in a neonatal pulmonary hypertension. J Perinatol 22:50-56, 2002
11. Ambalavanan N, Philips JB 3rd, Bulger A, Oparil S, Chen YF. Endothelin-A
receptor blockade in porcine pulmonary hypertension. Pediatr Res 52:913-921, 2002
12. Ambalavanan N, Novak ZE. Peptide growth factors in tracheal aspirates of mechanically ventilated preterm neonates. Pediatr Res 53:240-244, 2003
13. Ambalavanan N, Wu TJ, Tyson JE, Kennedy KA, Roane C, Carlo WA. A comparison of three vitamin A dosing regimens in extremely premature infants. J Pediatr 142:656-61, 2003
14. Cobb BA, Carlo WA, Ambalavanan N*. Gastric residuals and their relationship to necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants. Pediatrics 113:50-53, 2004 [*Mentor of Dr. Cobb; corresponding author]
15. Castro L, Yolton K, Haberman B, Roberto N, Hansen NI, Ambalavanan N, Vohr BR, Donovan EF. Bias in reported neurodevelopmental outcomes among extremely low birth weight survivors. Pediatrics 114: 404-410, 2004
16. Ambalavanan N, Kennedy K, Tyson J, Carlo WA. Survey of vitamin A supplementation for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants: Is clinical practice consistent with the evidence? J Pediatr 145:304-307, 2004
17. Ambalavanan N, Bulger A, Murphy-Ullrich J, Oparil S, Chen YF. Endothelin-A receptor blockade prevents and partially reverses neonatal hypoxic pulmonary vascular remodeling. Pediatr Res 57:631-636, 2005
18. Ambalavanan N, Tyson JE, Kennedy KA, Hansen N, Vohr BR, Wright LL, Carlo WA, and the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Vitamin A supplementation for extremely low birth Weight infants: Outcome at 18-22 months. Pediatrics 115:e249-54, 2005
19. Ambalavanan N, Ross AC, Carlo WA. Retinol-binding protein, transthyretin, and c-reactive protein in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. J Perinatol 25:714-9, 2005
20. Ambalavanan N, Carlo W, Bobashev G, Mathias E, Poole K, Fanaroff AA, Stoll BJ, Ehrenkranz R, Wright LL. Prediction of mortality for extremely low birth weight neonates. Pediatrics 116:1367-73, 2005
21. Chen YF, Feng JA, Li P, Xing D, Serra R, Ambalavanan N, Majid-Hassan E, Oparil S. Dominant negative mutation of the TGF-beta receptor blocks hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling. J Appl Physiol 100:564-71, 2006
22. Ambalavanan N, Baibergenova A, Carlo WA, Saigal S, Schmidt B, Thorpe KE, and the TIPP Investigators. Early prediction of poor outcome in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants by classification tree analysis. J Pediatr 148:438-44, 2006
23. Chen YF, Feng JA, Li P, Xing D, Ambalavanan N, Oparil S. Atrial natriuretic peptide-dependent modulation of hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling Life Sci. 79:1357-65, 2006
24. Ross AC, Ambalavanan N, Zolfaghari R, Li NQ. Vitamin A combined with retinoic acid increases retinol uptake and lung retinyl ester formation in a synergistic manner in neonatal rats. J Lipid Res. 47:1844-51, 2006
25. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA, Shankaran S, Bann CM, Emrich SL, Higgins RD, Tyson JE, O’Shea TM, Laptook AR, Ehrenkranz RA, Donovan EF, Walsh MC, Goldberg RN, Das A, and Follow-up Investigators for the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Predicting outcome of neonates diagnosed with hypoxemic-ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatrics 118: 2084-93, 2006
26. Ross AC, Ambalavanan N. Dexamethasone does not antagonize the increase in retinyl esters in the lungs of neonatal rats treated with vitamin A combined with retinoic acid (VARA). Neonatology 92:26-32, 2007
27. Fabres J, Carlo WA, Phillips V, Howard G, Ambalavanan N*. Both extremes of arterial carbon dioxide pressure and the magnitude of fluctuations in arterial carbon dioxide pressure are associated with severe intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants. Pediatrics 119:299-305, 2007 [*Mentor of Dr. Fabres; corresponding author]
28. Ambalavanan N, Li P, Bulger A, Murphy-Ullrich J, Oparil S, Chen YF. Endothelin –1 mediates hypoxia-induced increases in vascular collagen in the newborn mouse lung. Pediatr Res 61:559-564, 2007
29. Broitman E, Ambalavanan N*, Higgins RD, Vohr BR, Das A, Bhaskar B, Murray K, Hintz SR, Carlo WA; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Clinical data predict neurodevelopmental outcome better than head ultrasound in extremely low birth weight infants. J Pediatr. 151:500-505, 2007 [*Mentor of Dr. Broitman; corresponding author]
30. Ambalavanan N, Nicola T, Li P, Bulger A, Murphy-Ullrich J, Oparil S, Chen YF. Role of matrix metalloproteinase-2 in newborn mouse lungs under hypoxic conditions. Pediatr Res 63:26-32, 2008
31. Ambalavanan N, Van Meurs KP, Perritt P, Carlo WA, Ehrenkranz RA, Stevenson D, Lemons JA, Poole WK, Higgins RD, for the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Predictors of death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants with respiratory failure. J Perinatol 28:420-426, 2008
32. Adams-Chapman I, Hansen NI, Stoll BJ, Higgins R; NICHD Research Network. Neurodevelopmental outcome of extremely low birth weight infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus requiring shunt insertion. Pediatrics 121:e1167-1177, 2008 [listed as collaborator]
33. Bhandari V, Choo-Wing R, Lee CG, Yusuf K, Nedrelow JH, Ambalavanan N, Malkus H, Homer RJ, Elias JA. Developmental regulation of NO-mediated VEGF-induced effects in the lung. Am J Resp Cell Mol Biol 39:420-430, 2008
34. Ambalavanan N, Nicola T, Hagood J, Bulger A, Serra R, Murphy-Ullrich J, Oparil S, Chen YF. Transforming growth factor-beta signaling mediates hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial remodeling and inhibition of alveolar development in newborn mouse lung. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 295:L86-L95, 2008.
35. Isbell TS, Sun C-W, Wu L-C, Teng X, Vitturi DA, Branch BG, Kevil CG, Peng N, Wyss JM, Ambalavanan N, Schwiebert L, Ren J, Pawlik KM, Renfrow MB, Patel RP, Townes TM. SNO-Hemoglobin not essential for red blood cell dependent hypoxic vasodilation. Nat Med 14: 773-777, 2008
36. Bruckner TA, Carlo WA, Ambalavanan N, Gould JB. Neonatal mortality among low birth weight infants during the initial months of the academic year. J Perinatol. 28:691-695, 2008
37. Cole CR, Hansen NI, Higgins RD, Ziegler TR, Stoll BJ; Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Very low birth weight preterm infants with surgical short bowel syndrome: incidence, morbidity and mortality, and growth outcomes at 18 to 22 months. Pediatrics 122:e573-e582, 2008 [listed as collaborator]
38. Soltau TD, Carlo WA, Gee J, Gould J, Ambalavanan N*. Mortality and morbidity by month of birth of neonates admitted to an academic neonatal intensive care unit. Pediatrics 122:e1048-e1052, 2008 [*Mentor of Dr. Soltau; corresponding author]
39. Cotten MC, Taylor S, Stoll BJ, Goldberg RN, Hansen N, Sanchez P, Ambalavanan N, Benjamin DK Jr. Prolonged duration of initial empirical antibiotics is associated with increased necrotizing enterocolitis and mortality in extremely low birth weight infants. Pediatrics 123:58-66, 2009
40. Ambalavanan N, El-Ferzli GT, Roane C, Johnson R, Carlo WA. Nitric oxide administration using an oxygen hood: A pilot trial. PLoS One 4(2):e4312, 2009
41. Askenazi DJ, Griffin R, McGwin G, Carlo W, Ambalavanan N. Acute kidney injury is independently associated with mortality in very low birthweight infants: a matched case-control analysis. Pediatr Nephrol. 24 :991-7, 2009
42. Nicola T, Hagood JS, James ML, Macewen MW, Williams TA, Hewitt MM, Schwiebert LM, Bulger A, Oparil S, Chen YF, Ambalavanan N*. Loss of Thy-1 inhibits alveolar development in the newborn mouse lung. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 296:L738-50, 2009 [*Mentor of Dr. Nicola; corresponding author]
43. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA, D’Angio CT, McDonald SA, Das A, Schendel D, Thorsen P, Higgins RD for the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Cytokines associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death in extremely low birth weight infants. Pediatrics 123:1132-41, 2009
44. Dasgupta C, Sakurai R, Wang Y, Guo P, Ambalavanan N, Torday JS, Rehan VK. Hyperoxia-induced neonatal rat lung injury involves activation of TGF-{beta} and Wnt signaling and is protected by rosiglitazone. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 296:L1031-41, 2009
45. Vohr BR, Tyson JE, Wright LL, Perritt RL, Li L, Poole WK; NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Maternal age, multiple birth, and extremely low birth weight infants. J Pediatr.154:498-503.e2, 2009. [listed as collaborator]
46. McKee LA, Fabres J, Howard G, Peralta-Carcelen M, Carlo WA, Ambalavanan N*. PaCO2 and neurodevelopment in extremely low birthweight infants. J Pediatr 155:217-21.e1, 2009 [*Mentor of Dr. McKee and Dr. Fabres; corresponding author]
47. El-Ferzli GT, Philips JB III, Bulger A, Ambalavanan N. A pumpless lung assist device reduces mechanical ventilation-induced lung injury in juvenile piglets. Pediatr Res 66: 671-676, 2009 [*Mentor of Dr. Ferzli]
48. El-Ferzli GT, Philips JB III, Bulger A, Ambalavanan N. Evaluation of a pumpless lung assist device in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension in juvenile piglets. Pediatr Res 66: 677-681, 2009 [*Mentor of Dr. Ferzli]
49. Laptook AR, Shankaran S, Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA, McDonald SA, Higgins RD, Das A, Hypothermia Subcommittee of the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Outcome of term infants using apgar scores at 10 minutes following hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatrics 124:1619-1626, 2009.
50. Hintz SR, Bann CM, Ambalavanan N, Cotten MC, Das A, Higgins RD for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Predicting time to hospital discharge for extremely preterm infants. Pediatrics 125:e146-e154, 2010.
51. James ML, Ross AC, Bulger A, Philips JB III, Ambalavanan N*+. Vitamin A and retinoic acid act synergistically to increase lung retinyl esters during normoxia and reduce hyperoxic lung injury in newborn mice. Pediatr Res 67:591-7, 2010.
52. Sood BG, Madan A, Saha S, Schendel D, Thorsen P, Skogstrand K, Hougaard D, Shankaran S, Carlo W; NICHD neonatal research network. Perinatal systemic inflammatory response syndrome and retinopathy of prematurity. Pediatr Res. 67:394-400, 2010. [listed as collaborator]
53. Askenazi DJ, Ambalavanan N, Hamilton K, Cutter G, Laney D, Kaslow R, Georgeson K, Barnhart DC, Dimmitt RA. Acute kidney injury and renal replacement therapy independently predict mortality in neonatal and pediatric noncardiac patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 Mar 25. [Epub ahead of print]
54. Oh W, Stevenson DK, Tyson JE, Morris BH, Ahlfors CE, Bender GJ, Wong RJ, Perritt R, Vohr BR, Van Meurs KP, Vreman HJ, Das A, Phelps DL, O'Shea TM, Higgins RD; NICHD Neonatal Research Network Bethesda MD. Influence of clinical status on the association between plasma total and unbound bilirubin and death or adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in extremely low birth weight infants. Acta Paediatr 99:673-8, 2010 [listed as collaborator]
55. Carlo WA, Finer NN, Walsh MC, Wade R, Gantz MG, Laptook AR, Yoder BA, Faix RG, Das A, Poole WK, Schibler K, Newman NS, Ambalavanan N, Frantz ID, Sanchez PJ, Piazza AJ, Morris BH, Laroia N, Phelps DL, Poindexter BB, Cotten CM, Van Meurs KP, Duara S, Narendran V, Sood BG, O’Shea TM, Bell EF, Ehrenkanz RA, Watterberg KL, and Higgins RD, for the SUPPORT Study Group of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Target ranges of oxygen saturation in extremely preterm infants. N Engl J Med 362:1959-69, 2010.
56. Finer NN, Carlo WA, Walsh MC, Wade R, Gantz MG, Laptook AR, Yoder BA, Faix RG, Das A, Poole WK, Donovan EF, Newman NS, Ambalavanan N, Frantz ID, Buchter S, Sanchez PJ, Kennedy KA, Laroia N, Poindexter BB, Cotten CM, Van Meurs KP, Duara S, Narendran V, Sood BG, O’Shea M, Bell EF, Bhandari V, Watterberg KL and Higgins RD for the SUPPORT Study Group of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Early CPAP versus surfactant in extremely preterm infants. N Engl J Med 362:1970-9, 2010.
57. Bell EF, Hansen NI, Morriss FH, Stoll BJ, Ambalavanan N, Gould JB, Laptook AR, Walsh MC, Carlo WA, Shankaran S, Das A, Higgins RD, for the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Impact of timing of birth and resident duty-hour restrictions on outcome of small preterm infants. Pediatrics 126:222-231, 2010
58. Meyn DF Jr, Ness J, Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA. Prophylactic phenobarbital and whole-body cooling for neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. J Pediatr 157:334-6, 2010
59. Rich WD, Auten KJ, Gantz MG, Hale EC, Hensman AM, Newman NS, Finer NN; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Antenatal consent in the SUPPORT trial: challenges, costs, and representative enrollment. Pediatrics. 126:e215-21, 2010 [listed as collaborator]
60. Maheshwari A, Kelly DR, Nicola T, Ambalavanan N, Jain SK, Murphy-Ullrich J, Athar M, Shimamura M, Bhandari V, Aprahamian C, Dimmitt RA, Serra R, Ohls RK. TGF-β2 suppresses macrophage cytokine production and mucosal inflammatory responses in the developing intestine. Gastroenterology 140:242-53, 2011
61. Boghossian NS, Hansen NI, Bell EF, Stoll BJ, Murray JC, Laptook AR, Shankaran S, Walsh MC, Das A, Higgins RD; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Survival and morbidity outcomes for very low birth weight infants with Down syndrome. Pediatrics. 126:1132-40, 2010[listed as collaborator]
62. Ambalavanan N, Walsh M, Bobashev G, Das A, Levine B, Carlo WA, Higgins RD; for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Health and Development Neonatal Research Network, Bethesda, MD. Intercenter differences in bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death among very low birth weight infants. Pediatrics. 127:e106-16, 2011
63. Koralkar R, Ambalavanan N, Levitan EB, McGwin G, Goldstein S, Askenazi D. Acute Kidney Injury Reduces Survival in Very Low Birth Weight Infant. Pediatr Res. 2010 Dec 20. [Epub ahead of print]
64. Schelonka RL, Maheshwari A, Carlo WA, Taylor S, Hansen NI, Schendel DE, Thorsen P, Skogstrand K, Hougaard DM, Higgins RD; NICHD Neonatal Research Network. T cell cytokines and the risk of blood stream infection in extremely low birth weight infants. Cytokine. 53:249-55, 2011 [listed as collaborator]


Manuscripts in press:

Manuscripts submitted but not yet accepted:
1. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA, McDonald SA, Das A, Schendel DE, Thorsen P, Hougaard DM, Skogstrand K, Higgins RD for the Cytokine and GDB Subcommittees of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Cytokines associated with post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilation in extremely low birth weight infants.

Non peer-reviewed publications (Medline-indexed in bold)
1. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA. Current approaches to mechanical ventilation. Tufts University School of Medicine and Floating Hospital for Children Reports on: Neonatal Respiratory Diseases. Volume 8, No. 2, 1998 [review]
2. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA. How would you handle these newborns? Contemporary Pediatrics 16(6): 115-133, 1999
3. Carlo WA, Ambalavanan N. Conventional Mechanical Ventilation: Traditional and New Strategies. Pediatr Rev 20(12):e117-e126, 1999 [review]
4. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA. Analgesia for ventilated neonates: Where do we stand? J Pediatr 135:403-405, 1999 [editorial]
5. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA. Hypocapnia and hypercapnia in respiratory management of newborn infants. Clin Perinatol 28(3):517-531, 2001 [review]
6. Ambalavanan N. Recent advances in fluid management. Journal of Neonatology 16 (1): 59-65, 2002 [review]
7. Ambalavanan N, Whyte R. The mismatch between evidence and practice: common therapies in search of evidence. Clin Perinatol 30:305-331, 2003 [review]
8. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: new insights. Clin Perinatol 31:613-628, 2004 [review]
9. Ambalavanan N, Toms R. Permissive hypercapnia during mechanical ventilation of neonates. Indian Pediatrics 41:775-778, 2004. [editorial]
10. Carlo WA, Prince LS, St John EB, Ambalavanan N. Care of very low birth weight infants with respiratory distress syndrome: an evidence-based review. Minerva Pediatr. 56:373-80, 2004 [review]
11. Ambalavanan N. Surfactant therapy. Indian Journal of Practical Pediatrics 7(3):192-200, 2005 [review]
12. Shuford-Hopkins E, Bulger A, Ambalavanan N, Philips JB 3rd. Doxycycline inhibits matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) production by neonatal pulmonary artery endothelial cells. Ethn Dis. 15(3 Suppl 4):S4-98-9, Summer 2005
13. Ambalavanan N, Carlo WA. Ventilatory strategies in the prevention and management of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Semin Perinatol 30:192-9, 2006 [review]
14. Ambalavanan N. Endothelin-A receptor blockade inhibits the effects of hypoxia on the newborn lung vasculature. ScientificWorldJournal. 6:669-70, 2006 [review]
15. Ambalavanan N, Carlo W. How can we prevent early death in preterm infants? J Pediatr (Rio J). 84: 283-385, 2008
16. Thome UH, Ambalavanan N. Permissive hypercapnia to decrease lung injury in ventilated preterm infants. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med 2008 Oct 28 [Epub ahead of print] [review]
17. Askenazi DJ, Ambalavanan N, Goldstein SL. Acute kidney injury in critically ill newborns: What do we know? What do we need to learn? Pediatr Nephrol 24:265-74, 2008 [review]


Other Publications:

BOOKS:
Books and Book Chapters
1. Ambalavanan N, Mariani G, Philips JB III: Role of Peptide Growth Factors in Cardiovascular Development. In Polin RA, Fox WW (Eds): Fetal and Neonatal Physiology, ed 2. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, PA, 1997, pp 814-826
2. Waldemar Carlo, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Robert Chatburn: Section IV: Mechanical Ventilation. Chapter 15: Basic Principles of Mechanical Ventilation, Chapter 16: Classification of Mechanical Ventilation Devices, Chapter 17: Ventilator Parameters. In Sinha SK, Donn SM (Eds): Manual of Neonatal Respiratory Care. Futura Publishing Company, Inc., Armonk, New York, USA, 2000
3. Waldemar A Carlo, Namasivayam Ambalavanan: Wentylacja Mechaniczna (Mechanical ventilation [Polish] ). In Gadzinowski J, Vidyasagar D (Eds): Neonatologia. Osrodek Wydawnictw Naukowych. Poznan, 2000, pp 287-301
4. Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Waldemar Carlo: Meconium Aspiration Syndrome. In Burg FD, Ingelfinger JR, Polin RA, Gershon AA (Eds): Gellis and Kagan’s Current Pediatric Therapy. WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 2002, pp 265-268
5. Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Schelonka RL, Carlo WA: Ventilatory Strategies. In Goldsmith JP, Karotkin EH (Eds). Assisted ventilation of the neonate. 4th Edition. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, PA, 2003, pp 249-259
6. Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Carlo WA: Vitamin A in the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. In Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. Series: Lung Biology in Health and Disease. Volume 240. Steven Abman (Ed). Informa Healthcare USA, Inc., New York, NY, 2009, pp 446-457
7. Namasivayam Ambalavanan: “Neonatal Fluids, Electrolytes, and Nutrition” on emedicine at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/976386-overview
8. Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Thomas Soltau: “Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia” on emedicine at: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/973717-overview
9. Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Carlo WA: Chapters on Transient Tachypnea of Newborn, Meconium Aspiration Syndrome, Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of Newborn, Pulmonary Hemorrhage, Neonatal Jaundice and Kernicterus, and Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy for new Edition of Nelson’s Textbook of Pediatrics (in press)
 
 

Keywords
Lung, Hypoxia, Hyperoxia, Retinoids, Prediction models